* - denotes native to North America
** - denotes native to the eastern United States
*** - denotes native to Athens County, Ohio

Please also note: This is only and ever a partial list. We always have plants at the nursery that just came in, or that we only have one or a few specimens of; come by to see all of what's available!


Evergreens, Conifers, Ginkgo

Araucaria araucana - monkey-puzzle, 2 gallon
A curious evergreen, related to the Norfolk Island pine. Needs to be grown in a container and taken into shelter during the winter.
Chamaecyparis "Gold Thread" - "Gold Thread" white cedar: 1 gallon
A low-growing, fine-textured evergreen with beautiful yellow variegated foliage.
Cryptomeria japonica - Cryptomeria: 1 gallon
A beautiful relative of the sequoias, looking somewhat like a redcedar. Dislikes hot summers but hardy. Use in a cooler spot.
Ginkgo biloba - maidenhair tree: 1 gallon, 3 gallon
The world's most primitive seed tree. Attractive fan-shaped leaves, brilliant yellow fall color. These trees are unsexed, so we cannot guarantee whether they're male or female.
***Juniperus virginiana "Gray Owl" - "Gray Owl" redcedar: 2 gallon
A rough, tough evergreen that can grow almost anywhere.
Larix americana - American larch, tamarack: 3 gallon
A deciduous "evergreen," very beautifully picturesque.
Larix kaempferi - Japanese larch: 2 gallon
A beautiful tree with rather clumped, light green foliage. Deciduous.
Metasequoia glyptostroboides - dawn redwood: 2 gallon, 10 gallon
A living fossil, this beautiful tree was found in China when it was thought to be extinct. Resembles baldcypress.
*Picea glauca - white spruce: 2 gallon
A slow-growing, drought-tolerant evergreen, native to Canada. Likes sun and well-drained soil. Grows to 60' or more.
*Picea pungens - Colorado blue spruce: 2 gallon
The classic blue, columnar spruce tree, native to the Rocky Mountains. Extremely cold-hardy. Prefers well-drained, acidic soil. Protect from drought while young. To 60'x20'.
*Sequoiadendron giganteum - giant sequoia: 1 gallon
Easy to grow as seedlings, but possibly problematical as older trees to keep them alive. Still fun to have one.
**Taxodium ascendens - pondcypress: 1 gallon
A close relative of the baldcypress, above, and sometimes included in that species. However, this has appressed scale-like leaves when mature, somewhat like arborvitae, rather than the flat needles of the classic baldcypress.
**Taxodium distichum - baldcypress: 1 gallon, 5 gallon
A tree native to the southeast US that can grow to be massive, living up to 1200 years old. This deciduous evergreen has nice yellow-brown fall color. Good for wet sites, but can be grown in dry areas. If growing by or in standing water, will send up "cypress knees." Grows 40'-50' or more.
**Taxodium distichum "Falling Waters" - weeping baldcypress: 3 gallon
A weeping form of the above: the central leader grows up, but the side branches grow down. A very picturesque specimen, to 20'.
*Thuja plicata - western redcedar: 2 gallon
It's confusing, but the western redcedar is not a cedar, but an arborvitae (whereas the eastern redcedar is not a cedar, but a juniper). We grow and offer this version of the tree because it's moderately deer resistant. Deer regard the almost identical eastern species, Thuja occidentalis as candy. However, this one grows much larger, sometimes being called giant arborvitae. Likes sun to high shade and average to moist soil. May tolerate dry sites, but growth will be retarded. Good for hedge (tolerates clipping), mass planting, or as stand-alone specimens. To 50' or more.

Broadleaf Trees and Shrubs

Acer japonicum - fernleaf maple, full-moon maple: various
We have various cultivars of this small but highly ornamental tree.
Acer palmatum - Japanese maple: various
MOBOT
We have various plants of this small but highly ornamental tree.
***Acer rubrum - red maple: 3 gallon, 5 gallon
MOBOT
This is a highly versatile native shade tree with a somewhat narrow profile. Good red fall color. Will tolerate moist soils. Grows 40'-45' high by 25'-30' wide.
Aesculus Xcarnea - red horsechestnut: 2 gallon
MOBOT
A hybrid between A. pavia and A. hippocastanum, making a small but bushy tree. Deep red flowers in May with foliage resistant to leaf scorch. Likes sun to light shade.
***Aesculus flava [octandra] - yellow buckeye: 1 gallon
MOBOT
Plant information sheet (pdf)
A medium to large native tree that likes a well-drained site. Attractive yellow spring flowers. Grows 35'-45'.
**Aesculus glabra - Ohio buckeye: 1 gallon
MOBOT
Plant information sheet (pdf)
A medium native tree that prefers to grow at edge of wooded area. Grows 35'-45'. Ohio's official state tree.
Aesculus hippocastanum - horsechestnut: 1 gallon
MOBOT
Plant information sheet (pdf)
A medium to large tree best used in park-like settings. Needs space to grow 60'-70'. This is the "chestnut" tree of the poem "Under the Spreading Chestnut Tree."
**Aesculus parviflora - bottlebrush buckeye: 3 gallon
MOBOT
A shade-loving shrub with a mass of white flowers in June to July, sometimes later. Suckers to form dense clump. Grows 15'-18'.
**Aronia arbutifolia - red chokeberry: 3 gallon
MOBOT
A drought-tolerant shrub that tolerates clay soils. White to light pink flowers in clusters, edible fruit for preserves, fruit effective well into winter, great red fall color. Grows 6'x8'.
**Aronia melanocarpa - black chokeberry: 3 gallon
MOBOT
White flowers in spring and black edible fruit in fall. Fruit is a good source of vitamin C and attracts birds. An adaptable plant for naturalizing, grows in sun to shade. Grows 6'x8'.
***Asimina triloba - pawpaw: 1 gallon
MOBOT
Plant information sheet (pdf)
Bold tropical-looking plant with intriguing, deep maroon flowers in mid-May and edible banana/mango-flavored fruit in September. Ohio's official state native fruit.
Buxus sempervirens - boxwood: 1 gallon, 2 gallon, 3 gallon
A tough, deer-resistant evergreen. Likes sun to part shade and grows to 5'x3'.
Callicarpa bodinieri - beautyberry: 1 gallon
MOBOT
Intensely-colored purple berries festoon this shrub in late summer, following small purple flowers in summer. Likes to be in the sun. to 6'.
Callicarpa dichotoma f. albifructa - white beautyberry: 1 gallon
MOBOT
**Calycanthus floridus - sweetshrub: 1 gallon, 3 gallon, 5 gallon
MOBOT
A medium to large shrub with strawberry-red flowers (also a variety with yellow-green flowers) that become more fragrant as the day goes on. It blooms in May and sporadically throughout the summer. Like sun to partial shade. Grows 6'-8' high and 4'-6' wide.
**Calycanthus floridus "Aphrodite" - Aphrodite sweetshrub: 3 gallons
A recent variety with larger leaves, larger, more showier flowers, and the most fragrant of all our selections of this genus.
**Calycanthus floridus "Athens" - Athens sweetshrub: 2 gallons
A dwarfed cultivar of the native species, with green-yellow flowers. Name refers to Athens, Georgia, not Ohio.
Calycanthus Xraulstonii "Hartlage Wine" - Hartlage Wine sweetshrub: 2 gallons
MOBOT
A hybrid between the American and the Chinese species, with large fragrant flowers that open early in the day.
***Carya glabra - shagbark hickory: 1 gallon
MOBOT
A hickory that bears delicious nuts, although in a fairly thick shell. Grows to 90' tall by 70' spread and tolerates a wide range of soil types.
**Carya illinoinensis - hardy pecan: 2 gallons
A large, graceful tree bearing some of the world's most delicious nuts. Grows to 100' with up to a 70' spread. Fully hardy in southeast Ohio. Should be transplanted when fairly small.
MOBOT
***Celtis occidentalis - hackberry: 1 gallon
MOBOT
This grows to be a very large tree. Makes a nice shade tree.
***Celtis tenuifolia - dwarf hackberry: 1 gallon
A very well-behaved small tree, up to 20' high. Not subject to the leaf blight or galls of the common hackberry. Loves limestone but will grow in most soils. Berries turn orange then purple, with a sweet, edible rind.
***Cephalanthus occidentalis - buttonbush: 1 gallon, 5 gallon
MOBOT
A native shrub with an open habit, can grow in a very wet site, even in standing water. White balls of flowers in August. Good for naturalizing and for wildlife habitat. Grows 10'-12' high and wide.
***Cercis canadensis - redbud (coppice): 3 gallon
MOBOT
A small spreading tree, growing to 25', with purple pea-like edible flowers arrayed along branches in spring. Likes sun or shade.
**Chionanthus virginicus - fringetree: 3 gallon
MOBOT
A large multi-stemmed shrub with white fragrant flower panicles in May. Good for sun or filtered shade. Plant in moist, well-drained soil. Grows 15'-20' high by 10' wide. May be male or female, but both have showy flowers.
**Clethra alnifolia - hummingbird clethra: 2 gallon
MOBOT
A great native shrub with glossy-green foliage and fragrant white flowers from July to September. likes sun or shade. Grows 3' high and wide.
***Cornus amomum - silky dogwood: 1 gallon, 3 gallon
MOBOT
A great native for naturalizing. Loves wet areas but does fine in ordinary soil. Clusters of creamy-white flowers in late spring. A large shrub, 6'-12' high by wide.
***Cornus drummondii - roughleaf dogwood: 1 gallon
MOBOT
One of the larger of the shrubby dogwoods, growing into a small tree with clusters of off-white flowers.
Cornus kousa - Kousa dogwood: 3 gallon
MOBOT
White flowers in May, similar to those of flowering dogwood, with large salmon to peach-colored edible raspberry-like fruit in fall and good fall color. Resistant to anthracnose. Does not do well in dry soils.
Cornus kousa "Gold Star" - Gold Star dogwood: 3 gallon
Yellow, especially showy flowers in May, similar to those of flowering dogwood, with large salmon to peach-colored edible raspberry-like fruit in fall and good fall color. Resistant to anthracnose. Does not do well in dry soils.
Cornus obliqua - pale dogwood: 1 gallon
MOBOT
Cornus officinalis - sanshuyu, Korean cornel: 3 gallon
MOBOT
Masses of small yellow flowers in late winter with cherry-like edible fruit in late summer and good fall color. Large shrub or small tree, to 15'. Very similar to Cornus mas, the Cornelian cherry, but has a more open habit, blooms earlier, and has interesting bark. Widely used as a medicinal plant in Asia.
Cornus officinalis "Kintoki" - Kintoki cornel: 3 gallon
Masses of small yellow flowers in late winter with cherry-like edible fruit in late summer and good fall color. Large shrub or small tree, to 15'. This is an especially heavy-flowering cultivar, and has great fruit set.
Cornus officinalis "Lemon Zest" - Lemon Zest cornel: 3 gallon
Masses of small yellow flowers in late winter with cherry-like edible fruit in late summer and good fall color. Large shrub or small tree, to 15'. This is a cultivar with especially bright and larger flowers, and has great fruit set.
i>Cornus mas - Cornelian cherry: 1 gallon
MOBOT
Similar to Cornus officinalis, above.
***Corylus americana - American hazel: 3 gallon
MOBOT
A large shrub or small tree forming suckering clumps, 12'-15' high and wide. Good for naturalizing in moist to average soils Like sun to light shade and produces tasty, edible nuts.
***Diospyros virginiana - persimmon: 2 gallon
MOBOT
Often found in our woods along woods' edge or along fence lines. Pale orange, astringent wildlife-friendly fruit is edible (after first frost). Slow-growing, it is variable in height and spread. Old trees are very valuable because of the true ebony heartwood.
***Euonymus americanus - strawberry bush: 1 gallon
MOBOT
Plant info sheet (pdf)
A curious native with glossy, deep green leaves, and eye-catching pinkish red fall fruit. Do not plant near wintercreeper or burning bush. Protect from deer! Likes moisture, and will tolerate clay soils and shade. Suckers to form clumps.
***Euonymus atropurpureus - wahoo: 1 gallon, 4"
MOBOT
A sparse native with dark green leaves, and eye-catching pink fall fruit. Grows into a small tree. Do not plant near wintercreeper or burning bush. Protect from deer! Likes moisture, and will tolerate clay soils and shade.
***Fagus grandifolia - American beech: 1 gallon
MOBOT
A slow-growing, ultimately large specimen tree with edible seeds. Does not grow well in clay or compacted soils, but tolerates a wide range of soil pH. Grows 50'-60' tall by 30'-40' wide. Newly-emerging leaves are edible in salad or as a potherb.
Fagus orientalis - oriental beech: 3 gallon
Very similar to the American beech (above), but faster growing, and ultimately a larger tree. Newly-emerging leaves are edible in salad or as a potherb.
**Fothergilla gardenii - dwarf fothergilla: 1 gallon
MOBOT
A nice small native, grows 2'-3' tall, with abundant frgrant "bottlebrush" flowers in May. Yellow, red and orange foliage in fall. Good for sun or partial shade and well-drained acidic soil. Does not tolerate dry soils.
***Gleditsia triacanthos - honeylocust: 1 gallon
MOBOT
This is our native, thorny variety. Tolerates very wet soils. Trunk thorns may be several inches long. Casts an open shade. We offer this mainly for naturalizing areas. To 60'.
***Gymnocladus dioicus - Kentucky coffeetree: 1 gallon, 2 gallon
MOBOT
Large picturesque tree with dark brown seed pods, used by genuinely desperate early settlers as coffee substitute (don't try this at home!). This tree has the largest compound leaves in North America, three feet long and two feet wide. Great profile in winter. Needs sunny site with deep, well-drained soil. Grows 30'-40'. Formerly the state tree of Kentucky.
Hamamelis Xintermedia - early witchhazel, hybrid between H. japonica and H. mollis: 1 gallon
Several named varieties of this large shrub (to 12') that blooms in February and March with yellow flowers that have narrow, twisted petals.
***Hamamelis virginiana - common witchhazel: 1 gallon
MOBOT
An understory shrub or small tree, to 15', with yellow flowers in November that have narrow, twisted petals.
Hydrangea - hydrangea: various
We have a variety of these shrubs with heads of white or sometimes other-colored flowers.
**Hypericum prolificum - shrubby St. Johns-wort: 5 gallon
MOBOT
Grows 4' tall and wide with bright yellow flowers in summer. Likes un to part shade. This is used as a medicinal.
**Ilex verticillata "Red Sprite" - "Red Sprite" winterberry: 2 gallon
MOBOT
A dwarf version of this shrub species, to 3', with masses of attractive red berries in autumn. Slow-growing, tolerates wet soils. Needs both male and female plants for fruit set.
**Ilex verticillata "Winter Red" - "Winter Red" winterberry: 2 gallon
MOBOT
A medium to large shrub, to 12', with masses of attractive red berries in autumn. Slow-growing, tolerates wet soils. Needs both male and female plants for fruit set.
**Ilex verticillata "Winter Gold" - "Winter Gold" winterberry: 2 gallon
MOBOT
A medium to large shrub, to 12', with masses of attractive gold berries in autumn. Slow-growing, tolerates wet soils. Needs both male and female plants for fruit set.
**Itea virginica "Little Henry" - sweetspire: 1 gallon
MOBOT
A small to medium native shrub with fragrant white flowers in Jule to July. Has a mounding habit and good red-purple fall color. This adaptable plant grows in sun to shade, given sufficient moisture. 3'x3'.
Juglans cinerea - butternut: 1 gallon
MOBOT
A medium to large tree, bearing delicious but oily nuts. Grows to 60' with similar spread.
Kerria japonica - gypsy rose or Chinese rose: 2 gallon
A medium size shrub, 4'x3'. Yellow flowers in spring, then sporadically through the summer. Good for partially shaded area. Grown in shade, can be trained as a vine.
Leptodermis oblonga - Leptodermis: 1 gallon, 3 gallon
MOBOT
Small, fragrant, lilac-colored flowers festoon this dwarf shrub through most of the growing season. Suckers to form clumps; very low-maintenace. To 18".
***Lindera benzoin - spicebush: 2 gallon
MOBOT
Plant information sheet (pdf)
An understory plant for a moist location with small yellow flowers in April. Has male and female plants; females have showy red berries in autumn. Grows 8'-10' tall by 4'-6' wide.
***Liquidambar styraciflua - "Slender Silhouette" sweetgum: 5 gallon
MOBOT
A native wetlands tree that does fine in normal soil. Corky bark and great fall color, with yellow, red, orange and purple. Prickly fall fruit can be a problem in high-traffic areas. This cultivar is very columnar, never spreading. Grows to 50' high, but no more than 6' wide.
***Magnolia acuminata - cucumbertree: 3 gallon
MOBOT
The largest of all magnolias, and one that is harvested for lumber - a fast-growing tree that needs space. An attractive shade tree with large leaves. Inconspicuous yellow flowers in spring, followed by showy red gherkin-shaped fruit in late summer. Plant in deep, moist acidic soil. Grows 40'-60'.
Magnolia acuminata "Koban Dori" - Koban Dori magnolia: 3 gallons
A selection of the cucumbertree with bright yellow flowers.
Magnolia "Betty" - A hybrid of M. liliiflora and M. stellata: 3 gallon
MOBOT
A low-branching, large shrub with abundant beautiful pink flowers in April. A tough and reliable plant. Grows 10'-12' high and wide and likes well-drained soils.
Magnolia X brooklynensis "Woodsman" - Woodsman magnolia: 3 gallon
MOBOT
A hybrid of Magnolia acuminata and M. liliiflora with large 4" flowers that are a mix of green, yellow, pink and purple and possibly tan. Forms a small shade tree.
Magnolia X brooklynensis "Judy Zuk" - Judy Zuk magnolia: 3 gallon, 5 gallon
MOBOT
A hybrid of Magnolia acuminata and M. liliiflora that bears yellow flowers with plum-colored shading near the base of the petals. Has an upright, almost columnar, form.
Magnolia fraseri - Fraser magnolia: 1 gallon
A medium to large tree strongly resembling bigleaf magnolia, but with leaves about half the size. Sometimes harvested for lumber for seldom available for sale.
Magnolia grandiflora - southern magnolia: 1 gallon
MOBOT
A medium to large tree with stiff, dark green evergreen leaves and large white flowers through much of the season. The seed structures are also attractive as they turn red.
Magnolia liliiflora - woody orchid: 1 gallon
A large shrub, up to 12' high and wide, with showy red to pink flowers in the spring and sporadically through the summer, and glossy leaves in the summer.
**Magnolia macrophylla - bigleaf Magnolia: 5 gallon
MOBOT
A medium to large native with the biggest undivided leaves of any woody plant in North America, up to three feet long. Makes a rounded, medium-size tree in the open, with large white fragrant flowers followed in late summer by large red seedpods. Likes moist, well-drained, slightly acidic soil. Amend with organic material, plant in sun or part shade in area protected from the wind. Grows 30'-35' high.
Magnolia "Rose Marie" - Rose Marie magnolia: 3 gallon
This magnolia has beautiful, bright-pink flowers. It is a cross between "Daybreak" and "Pink Surprise" (which are both four-species hybrids). It blooms later than most spring-blooming magnolias, is a heavy bloomer, and blooms over a long period, and attains large shrub size.
Magnolia "Spectrum" - Spectrum magnolia: 3 gallon
A hybrid of M. sprengeri and M. liliiflora, with large pink and white flowers. Habit similar to saucer magnolia, to 30 feet.
Magnolia stellata - star magnolia: 1 gallon, 2 gallon
MOBOT
An old favorite, growing into a large shrub, with white, star-shaped flowers. It is susceptible to frost damage but quite beautiful if this doesn't happen.
**Magnolia tripetala - umbrella Magnolia: 1 gallon, 5 gallon
MOBOT
Large leaves up to two feet long. Makes a rounded, medium-size tree, with large white flowers in late May to June, followed in late summer by large red seedpods. Likes partial sun to shade. Grows 20'-25'.
**Magnolia virginiana - sweetbay: 1 gallon, 3 gallon
MOBOT
A fast-growing evergreen to semi-evergreen tree, usually small to medium-sized. Blooms at an early age and for a long spring period with white flowers followed by red seedpods in late summer. Likes sun to light shade.
***Nyssa sylvatica - blackgum: 1 gallon
MOBOT
Ready in late spring of 2017. A native tree that will tolerate both dry and extremely wet soils, with exceptional fall color. To 60'.
Parrotia persica - parrotia: 1 gallon, 3 gallon
MOBOT
Plant information sheet (pdf)
A witch-hazel cousin from the Caucasus Mountains in southern Asia. A four-season plant wkith interesting exfoliating bark. Reddish-purple foliage when emerging and brilliant orange, red and yellow fall color. Grows 20'-25' high in sun to light shade and well-drained soil.
***Physocarpus opulifolius - "Summer Wine" ninebark: 3 gallon
MOBOT
A member of the rose family, with clusters of small light pink flowers in summer. This cultivar has beautiful, deeply-cut dark red leaves. A very nice plant that grows 5'-6' high by 4'-5' wide in full sun. Tolerates wet soils.
***Platanus occidentalis - American sycamore: various
MOBOT
A large, fast-growing tree for a moist or dry site. Tolerates flooding. Grows 60'-80' high by 30-60' wide. Some old specimens have trunks ten feet in diameter.
***Rubus occidentalis - black raspberry: 1 gallon
Our native raspberry, very site-tolerant. Suckers to fill an area, so requires some control
**Rubus parviflorus - thimbleberry: quart
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MOBOT
A northern and western relative of the native flowering raspberry, but with white flowers and very tasty fruit.
***Quercus alba - white oak: 1 gallon
MOBOT
The quintessential oak tree of the northeast United States, often growing to immense size. Important mast tree for wildlife. May grow to 100' with a similar spread.
**Quercus macrocarpa - bur oak: 3 gallon
MOBOT
A magnificent, slow-growing specimen tree that needs a lot of space. Has a rough, corky bark, with the largest acorns of any oak, borne abundantly, and ones that are prized by wildlife for food. Prefers growing in the open. Grows 60'-80'.
**Quercus michauxii - swamp chestnut oak: 3 gallon
MOBOT
One of the most majestic of oaks, thriving in wet soils but also regular soils. The second-largest acorns of American oaks, and sometimes edible for humans out-of-hand. A gorgeous tree.
**Quercus pagoda - cherrybark oak: 1 gallon
A southern oak species, but hardy here. Similar to red oak but not as large, with more flaky bark.
***Quercus prinus - chestnut oak: 1 gallon
MOBOT
A drought-tolerant oak that also tolerates poor soils. Performs well in almost any soil. One of the best oaks for acorn production for wildlife food.
***Quercus rubra - red oak: 1 gallon
MOBOT
Plant info sheet (pdf)
Possibly the best of all oaks for a shade tree. One of the more reliable acorn producers. Sometimes has good red fall color. Grows 60'-80'. Can grow to be very large - county champion has a trunk almost six feet in diameter.
***Sambucus canadensis - American elderberry: 1 gallon
MOBOT
The regular native elderberry. Has broad, flat-topped clusters of deep purple berries in the fall after flat-topped clusters of small white flowers in the spring. Good for making elderberry wine, and the birds love the berries as well.
***Sambucus canadensis "Adam" - Adam elderberry: 1 gallon
A cultiver that produces heavily. Found in New York.
***Sambucus canadensis "Bob Gordon" - Bob Gordon elderberry: 1 gallon
A cultivar that will fruit on new wood, simplifying pruning regimens. From Missouri.
***Sambucus canadensis "Ranch" - Ranch elderberry: 1 gallon
A cultivar that does especially well in poor soils, fruits heavily. Discovered in Kansas.
***Sambucus canadensis "Wyldewood" - Wyldewood elderberry: 1 gallon
A cultivar that has especially large fruit, second only to the York elderberry, below, and also is a heavy bearer.
***Sambucus canadensis "York" - York elderberry: 1 gallon
The cultivar with the largest berries, making it expecially good for pies, etc.
**Sambucus pubens - American red-berried elder: 1 gallon
Native to the Appalachian mountains, the berries are in a denser clump and much more showy than the native elderberry. The berries are edible but MUST be cooked first. Likes moist soils.
***Sassafras albidum - sassafras: 1 gallon
MOBOT
Ready in late spring of 2017. A tree with tiny yellow flowers in the spring and interesting black fruit on bright red pedicels in late summer, to 60'. Exceptional fall color. All around a beautiful lawn tree but suckers, so mowing around it is advised.
Spirea japonica Japanese spirea: 3 gallon, 5 gallon
MOBOT
A dusky-red-flowering spirea with small leaves, growing to 4' tall.
**Tilia americana "Moltkei" - von Moltke basswood: 5 gallon
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The BEST of the linden bee trees, in fact, one of the world's best bee trees, blooming in summer. Originally thought to be a hybrid, now thought to be a variety of the native T. americana. Grows to be a large tree, up to 90'x80'.
Tilia americana fastigiata - fastigiate linden: 5 gallon
An excellent bee tree, but one with a narrow branch spread -- while tall, up to 80', only maybe 20' wide.
Tilia oliveri - silver linden: 3 gallon
Another excellent bee tree from central China, growing to 50' or more. The bright silver coating on the undersides of the leaves is striking.
Tilia petiolaris - weeping silver linden: 3 gallon
A tree with weeping branches, sometimes regarded as a variety of T. tomentosa. Leaves have silvery underside. Grows up to 70' or more. Native to southwestern Asia into Europe.
**Vaccinium angustifolium - barrens blueberry: 1 gallon
The classic wild blueberry of New England. This is the species harvested in the blueberry berries, and sold as canned wild blueberries. Low-growing, to 2', produces small but tasty berries. Great to use as a shrub groundcover. Benefits by heavy pruning every few years.
**Vaccinium corymbosum - Jersey blueberry: 2 gallon
MOBOT
A very late-season blueberry, very sweet berries. One of the easiest and most reliable blueberries to grow. To 6'x3'. Great fall color.
**Vaccinium corymbosum x V. angustifolium - North Country: 2 gallon
A hybrid "half-high" blueberry, early to mid-season, with dark-green foliage; one of the best for ornamental landscaping, or even for patio container growing. To 2'x3'.
**Vaccinium corymbosum - Duke blueberry: 2 gallon
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An early blueberry, but it blooms late and the fruit ripens quickly, so safer from frost; heavy fruit production. To 6'x3'. Great fall color.
**Vaccinium corymbosum - Blue Crop blueberry: 2 gallon
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A mid-season blueberry. To 5'x3'. Great fall color.
***Viburnum dentatum - arrowwood: 2 gallon
MOBOT
A white-flowering native shrub with purple berries in fall. This durable shrub is good in sun or shade as a hedge or for naturalizing. Glossy leaves in full sun, tolerates wet soils. Highly deer-resistant.
**Viburnum nudum - possumhaw viburnum: 1 gallon, 3 gallon ("Winterthur")
MOBOT
One of the most beautiful of viburnums. Extremely glossy, dark green foliage, creamy-white flower clusters, and berry clusters mixing a range of colors.
Viburnum opulus - European highbush cranberry: 1 gallon
MOBOT
A compact viburnum with decorative clusters of brightly-colored berries. Propagated by seed from plants with golden berries, but some may have red berries. Berries are used like cranberries.
Vitex agnus-castus - chastetree: 2 gallons, 5 gallons
MOBOT
This tree has feathery leaves topped by pyramidal spikes of fragrant, small lavender flowers. Flowers begin in late summer and continue through the fall. May grow up to 12' tall but may be killed back to roots in severe winters. However, it will reliably resprout and bloom on new wood.
Weigela florida - weigela: 1 gallon
MOBOT
A tough, deer-resistant shrub with pink flowers. Likes sun to light shade. Grows to 6'x8'.

Vines

Actinidia arguta "74-32" - 74-32 hardy kiwi (male): mum
MOBOT
A vine with tasty, edible fruit, smaller than the store kiwi fruit. This vine is dioecious, so both a male and female are needed.
Actinidia arguta x melanandra "Ken's Red" - Ken's Red hardy kiwi (female): mum
A hybrid vine with tasty, edible fruit, smaller than the store kiwi fruit. This vine is dioecious, so both a male and female are needed. Can be fertilized by 74-32.
Actinidia cordifolia - hardy kiwi, female: mum
Also known as Actinidia arguta var. cordifolia. A vine with tasty, edible fruit, smaller than the store kiwi fruit. This vine is dioecious, so both a male and female are needed. Can be fertilized by 74-32.
***Campsis radicans - trumpet creeper: 1 gallon
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A vine with opposite, pinnate, toothed leaves and bright red or orange trumpet-shaped flowers.
***Celastrus scandens - bittersweet: 1 gallon
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Our native bittersweet, uncontaminated by the highly-invasive Asian variety.
Lonicera crassifolia - creeping honeysuckle
This is an evergreen, finely-textured, ground-cover honeysuckle which prefers shade, and is not invasive. Foliage resembles that of boxwood.
Parthenocissus tricuspidata - Boston ivy: 1 gallon
MOBOT
The classic ivy seen on "ivy-league college" buildings. Can be safely grown on masonry without degrading the masonry or mortar joints. Great for summer shading, will keep a building much cooler. Great fall color.
***Parthenocissus quinquefolia - Virginia creeper: 1 gallon
MOBOT
Our native counterpart to Boston ivy. Can be safely grown on masonry without degrading the masonry or mortar joints. Great for summer shading, will keep a building much cooler. Great fall color. Also great for screening eyesores like old wood piles or junk cars.
***Passiflora incarnata - blue passion flower: 1 gallon
MOBOT
Ready in late spring of 2017. Our native passion flower, with beautiful blue (white on some plants), complex flowers. Very aggressive grower, but herbaceous.
**Passiflora lutea - yellow passion flower: 1 gallon
MOBOT
Ready in late spring of 2017. Native just south of our area, this strongly-spreading vine has tiny yellow passion flowers, followed by purple berries. Makes a great screen.
***Wisteria macrostachya "Blue Moon" - Kentucky wisteria: 2 gallons
MOBOT
An aggressive woody vine with beautiful pea-like flowers, a favorite of bees. This should only be grown on a pergola or very substantial trellis, and a large one at that.

Bamboos and Other Grasses

Bamboo

Note: Bamboos as a group will die back to the ground during our harder winters, but the roots live on to re-sprout the following year. They normally do not flower or produce seed until a clump is of a great age, possibly a century -- then the whole clump blooms simultaneously and dies after seeding. Don't worry, your clump will outlive you!
**Arundinaria gigantea - native cane: 5 gallon
MOBOT
This bamboo once formed immense canebreaks throughout the southeastern United States. Was once important nesting habitat for native birds. Grows 20' high with 1.25" stems.
Fargesia apicirubens "Dracocephala Rufa” - Rufa bamboo
MOBOT
This is a clumping bamboo that remains very densely leafy, making a great screen. Highly deer-resistant. To 9' with 0.5" stems.
Phyllostachys aureosulcata - yellow-groove bamboo: 5 gallon
MOBOT
The most cold-hardy of the bamboos, and the one most commonly planted in the area. Will die back to the ground during severe winters, but regrows quickly from the roots. Aggressively forms dense canebrakes. Protect from drying winter winds. To 18', with 1.5" stems.
Phyllostachys bissettii - David Bissett bamboo
A bamboo with an upright, dense habit. A very strong plant which holds its leaves better than other bamboos during hard winters. To 15' with 1" stems.
Phyllostachys viridis “Robert Young” - Robert Young bamboo
More of a clumping bamboo than the other Phyllostachys species, with yellow canes that have a segmented green stripe, very striking. Tolerates heavy clay soils but will die back to the ground in hard winters. The tallest of our bamboo selection, to 35' with 3' stems.
Pleioblastus fortunei “Dwarf Whitestripe” - Dwarf Whitestripe bamboo
A dwarf bamboo with white-striped variegated leaves. Will die back to the ground in harder winters. To 3', but can be mown to the ground in late winter to keep it shorter.

Grass

Note: Most grasses are deer-resistant to some degree.
***Andropogon gerardii - big bluestem
A large native grass that is a mainstay in prairie plantings. Loves a dry, sunny location. Deer-resistant. To 4'.
MOBOT
Dactylis glomerata - orchard grass
This is a Eurasian species that has become widely naturalized throughout North America. It can be invasive. Forms dense clumps.
***Elymus hystrix - bottlebrush grass
MOBOT
A native grass that is shade-tolerant and produces seed heads resembling bottlebrushes.
Miscanthus sinensis - maiden grass
MOBOT
A large grass forming large clumps topped by seed plumes; sometimes mistaken with pampas grass. Narrow leaves have a silver vein. Likes full sun and well-drained to dry soil. Highly deer-resistant. To 6'.
Miscanthus sinensis zebrinus - zebra grass
MOBOT
Similar to the above, but with white bands on the leaves.
***Panicum virgatum - switch grass
MOBOT
A classic native, with narrow leaves. Thrives in full sun, tolerates a wide range of soil moisture. Highly deer-resistant. To 5'.
***Panicum virgatum "Northwind" - Northwind switch grass
MOBOT
A variety of switch grass with especially attractive flowering. To 6'.

Sedums

Genus Hylotelephium
Hylotelephium cauticola - showy orpine
A clumping medium-size sedum with blue foliage and deep pink flowers. Slow-growing.
Hylotelephium "Herbstfreude" - Autumn Joy live-forever
MOBOT
A classic large sedum found in many an old garden, with dark pink flowers lacking stamens. It originated as a hybrid between H. spectabile and H. telephium.
Hylotelephium spectabile - live-forever
MOBOT
The classic large sedum making sizeable clump over the years, with dense heads of bright pink flowers.
Hylotelephium telephioides - Appalachian orpine
The only member of this genus native to North America. A rock-lover, with white flowers in early autumn. Light grayish-green foliage is attractive.
Hylotelephium telephium - live-forever
MOBOT
A sedum commonly used in hybrids, but very nice by itself.
Hylotelephium ussuriense - "Turkish Delight"
Foliage is dark green and purple. Flowers are dark pink.
Hylotelephium verticillatum - slender orpine
This looks like a very slender version of live-forever, with light-green foliage, but the flowers are white to greenish. Prefers shade and a moist soil.
Genus Sedum: Section Phedimus
Sedum ellacombianum - Ellacombianum stonecrop
MOBOT
Summer-blooming, covered with yellow flowers, followed by orange fruits.
Sedum hybridum - little evergreen stonecrop
Summer-blooming, with yellow flowers, fall and winter color orange-red.
Sedum kamschaticum - Kamchatka stonecrop
MOBOT
A coarse-textured stonecrop with toothed leaves and yellow flowers, blooming in May.
Sedum middendorfianum - Middendorf stonecrop
A coarse-textured stonecrop with toothed leaves and yellow flowers, blooming in May.
Sedum spurium - "John Creech"
MOBOT
A coarse-textured stonecrop with deep pink flowers.
Sedum spurium - "Dragon's Blood"
MOBOT
A coarse-textured stonecrop with reddish foliage and deep pink flowers.
Sedum stoloniferum - stolon stonecrop
Blooms pink in summer.
Genus Sedum: Section Petrosedum
Sedum polytrichoides - "Chocolate Ball"
A dense, fairly finely-textured sedum with a deep brown-purple color. Very striking.
Sedum rupestre - "Angelina"
MOBOT
A coarse-textured stonecrop with needle-like leaves and yellowish tips. Yellow flowers in May-June. Very cold-hardy.
Sedum rupestre - "Blue Spruce"
MOBOT
A coarse-textured stonecrop with needle-like bluish leaves. Yellow flowers. Very cold-hardy.
Genus Sedum: Section Sedum
Sedum acre - wallpepper or moss stonecrop
MOBOT
A fine-textured mossy stonecrop with light green foliage and yellow flowers.
Sedum album - white stonecrop
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A medium-textured stonecrop with white flowers. Extremely cold-hardy. The most common stonecrop in Europe.
Sedum dasyphyllum -
A very small sedum with green to gray to pink to yellow color. Intensely dislikes overwatering. Whitish blossoms.
**Sedum glaucophyllum - cliff stonecrop
Native to the Appalachian Mountains; loves limestone and needs shade. Great for rock gardens. White blossoms.
Sedum lineare var. variegatum -
MOBOT
More erect than most sedums, and slower to spread. The green needle-like leaves have cream-white borders. White flowers.
Sedum makinoi - Japanese stonecrop
MOBOT
The most winter-tender sedum that we have, but growable outside if care is taken. Of course, it can also be container grown. Relatively large rounded, very green leaves with yellow flowers.
Sedum obtusifolium - "Listoniae"
The largest-leaved of any of our sedums, with the largest flowers, which are pink to red.
Sedum sarcomentum - gold moss
A light green, quickly-spreading sedum, stays close to the ground. May escape in urban areas. Yellow flowers.
Sedum sexangulare - watch-chain stonecrop
MOBOT
A fine-textured stonecrop with erect stems that look like miniature evergreens. Yellow flowers.
***Sedum ternatum - woodland stonecrop
MOBOT
Our native sedum. Prefers shade and spring moisture. White flowers can cover the plant.

Perennials

Note: Also see wildflowers! We also always have a variety of perennials not listed here.
Aquilegia vulgaris - European columbine: 1 gallon
MOBOT
A beautiful and very easy to grow flower for naturalizing. Colors range from pinks to blues. Blooms mid-spring. Leaves resemble rue. Freely self-seeds.
***Coreopsis tripteris "Flower Tower" - Flower Tower coreopsis: 2 gallons
MOBOT
A tall composite flower with broad yellow petals (actually ray flowers).
***Eutrochium fistulosum "Big Nate" - Big Nate Joe-Pye-weed: 2 gallons
MOBOT
An attractive and tall flower topped with large domes of pink flowers in late summer. Tolerates wet soils. Formerly in the genus Eupatorium.
***Eutrochium maculatum "Glenda" - Glenda Joe-Pye-weed: 2 gallons
MOBOT
An attractive and tall flower topped with large domes of pink flowers in late summer. Tolerates wet soils. Formerly in the genus Eupatorium.
Hemerocallis fulva - common daylily
MOBOT
This is the common, coarse, spreading, orange daylily.
Hemerocallis "Raspberry Candy"
Hemerocallis "Lemon Lollipop"
Hemerocallis - daylily
This is the daylily that comes in yellow and orange, and is more narrow than the common daylily.
Hemerocallis - dwarf yellow daylily
This is the lily often seen in large beds at commercial sites.
Hieracium caespitosum - meadow hawkweed
A small plant with a basal rosette of hairy leaves and a 1-2-foot-tall flower stem in late spring to early summer with small dandelion-like flowers. Native to Europe, but widely naturalized here. A great plant to include in reclamation of abused land.
Hieracium pilosella - mouse-ear hawkweed
A small plant with a basal rosette of hair leaves and a flower stem a few inches tall with small dandelion-like flowers. Blooms from May through August. Will grow as a short groundcover, creating a large clump of new plants via stolons.
Hosta - various
Classic shade plants.
Iris cristata - dwarf crested iris
MOBOT
Our most common native iris. Violet flower with no yellow.Iris germanica - bearded iris
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Several varieties of iris, both lavendar and lavendar/violet.
Iris pseudoacorus - yellow flag
MOBOT
An old European standard, widely grown (and naturalized) in the US. Rather invasive, so grow only in garden beds or ponds not connected to outflow.
Iris sibirica - Siberian type
A tall, narrow, clumping flag that loves wet soils, very dark, intense violet flowers with no yellow but some fine white striping.
Iris versicolor - northern blue flag
MOBOT
A native iris that favors wetlands.
Mentha X piperita - peppermint
MOBOT
A moisture-loving mint, the source of peppermint oil.
Nepeta racemosa - catmint
MOBOT
A very low-maintenance plant that attracts butterflies. Very flexible, tolerating partial shade and fairly dry conditions. Blooms late spring through September with flowers that may range from lilac to lavendar to deep violet.
Penstemon "Dark Towers" - "Dark Towers" beard-tongue: 1 gallon
MOBOT
Deep purple foliage topped by lilac to purple flower spikes, blooming in May to June.
Paeonia lactiflora - common peony: 1 gallon
MOBOT
Pale pink, almost white flowers.
Polygonatum humile - dwarf Solomon's-seal: 1 gallon
MOBOT
Small and somewhat wrinkly, dark green Solomon's-seal.
Polygonatum odoratum var. pluriflorum "Variegatum" - variegated Solomon's-seal: 1 gallon
MOBOT
Similar to large native Solomon's-seal but variegated with green and white. White blossoms in spring.
Rudbeckia subtomentosa "Henry Eilers" - Henry Eilers coneflower: 2 gallon
MOBOT
A late summer and autumn bloomer with striking yellow flowers with narrow petals (actually narrow ray flowers). May grow to 4-5 feet.
Stachys officinalis - European wood betony: 1 gallon
MOBOT
Grows flat against the ground with a rosette of curiously wrinkled leaves except when flowering. Flowers from mid to late summer with a tall stem with lilac to purple flowers.

Wildflowers

We also have many native ferns, under ferns.
***Asarum canadense - wild ginger
MOBOT
A great shade groundcover with a great odor. Heart-shaped leaves and very curious but rather hidden and not showy flowers in the spring.
***Asclepias incarnata - swamp milkweed
MOBOT
A wet-loving tallish and slender plant with pink-flesh-colored flowers. Great for monarch butterflies. We may have other milkweeds; check with us.
***Baptisia australis - false indigo
MOBOT
A clumping herbaceous plant that looks like it should be a shrub. Long heads of purple flowers and pea-like leaves. Can be 6' high and wide.
***Baptisia tinctoria - yellow false indigo
MOBOT
A clumping herbaceous plant that looks like it should be a shrub. Long heads of yellow flowers and pea-like leaves. Can be 6' high and wide.
***Bidens polylepis - showy tickseed sunflower
One of our few annuals. Likes wet places but grows well in normal soil. Gorgeous yellow flowers in late summer or early fall. Strongly recommend deadheading to prevent over-seeding.
***Calamus americanus - calamus
MOBOT
A wetland plant, resembling cattails or wild flag. Aromatic rootstocks spread to fill in an area.
***Collinsonia canadensis - horsebalm
MOBOT
Interesting flowers in leaf axils. A popular medicinal herb.
***Coreopsis tripteris "Flower Tower" - Flower Tower coreopsis: 2 gallons
MOBOT
A tall composite flower with broad yellow petals (actually ray flowers).
***Eryngium yuccifolium - rattlesnake master: 1 gallon
MOBOT
Don't worry, it won't attract rattlesnakes, but it does look a little like a dinosaur has invaded your flower bed. Unusual-looking native for the sunny prairie/wildflower area.
***Eutrochium fistulosum "Big Nate" - Big Nate Joe-Pye-weed: 2 gallons
MOBOT
An attractive and tall flower topped with large domes of pink flowers in late summer. Tolerates wet soils. Formerly in the genus Eupatorium.
***Eutrochium maculatum "Glenda" - Glenda Joe-Pye-weed: 2 gallons
MOBOT
An attractive and tall flower topped with large domes of pink flowers in late summer. Tolerates wet soils. Formerly in the genus Eupatorium.
***Hedeoma pulegioides - American pennyroyal
Although we don't usually grow annuals, this one is an exception. A small native mint that usually resides high on dry hillsides. Intense peppermint odor that is supposed to be useful in repelling insects. Warning: plant tissue can be toxic in larger quantities, do not use as a food.
***Hepatica acutiloba - sharp-lobed hepatica: 1 gallon
MOBOT
A small plant with attractive, variegated, three-lobed leaves. Flowers are white to pink in early spring. A great plant for the shade garden or for the shade rock garden.
***Houstonia caerulea - bluets
A small plant that thrives on dry shaded banks. A reliable blue-flowering plant that's spectacular in a miniature way. Great for the shaded rock garden.
**Hylotelephium telephioides -
The native live-forever, very hard to find in nurseries. White flowers.
***Iris cristata - dwarf crested iris
MOBOT
Our native iris. Small and spreads by runners. Great for a moist, shaded rock garden.
***Lobelia siphilitica - cardinal flower
MOBOT
This lobelia likes sun and wet, and will perform well if you give it those things.
***Mertensia virginia - Virginia bluebells
MOBOT
The plant that creates vibrant, vivid fields of blue in floodplain or valley-bottom woodland.
***Opuntia humifusa - prickly-pear: 1 gallon
The only cactus native to Ohio. Gorgeous yellow blooms in late spring, followed by attractive red fruit.
**Pachysandra procumbens - Allegheny spurge
MOBOT
Grown for its foliage, sometimes variegated. Makes a great sprawling clumping groundcover, but unlike its Japanese cousin, the stems do not root to spread. Interesting spikes of white flowers in early spring.
***Phlox divaricata - blue phlox
MOBOT
A reliable early spring bloomer. A must for the shade wildflower garden.
Porteranthus stipulatus - Indian physic
MOBOT
A slender but attractive plant, suitable for open areas.
**Rudbeckia subtomentosa "Henry Eiler" - "Henry Eiler": 1 gallon
MOBOT
A midwestern black-eyed Susan species, with this cultivar having narrowed yellow petals.
***Sedum glaucophyllum - cliff stonecrop
A white-flowering stonecrop that forms rosettes with a bluish tint. Native to the Appalachian Mountains. Prefers shade and spring moisture.
***Sedum ternatum - woods stonecrop
MOBOT
Our native sedum. Prefers shade and spring moisture. White flowers can cover the plant.
***Senna hebecarpa - senna
A medium size perennial with nice yellow flowers and sweet-pea-like leaves.
***Silphium perfoliatum - cupleaf: 1 gallon
MOBOT
A large and coarse sunflower relative, with many yellow flowers. Leaf bases join at the stem to hold water and plant is actually nourished by insects caught in water. Likes wet places.
**Yucca filamentosa - yucca, Spanish needle: 1 gallon
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A large, spiky plant, forming a large clump. Flower spikes are often spectacular, tall with large white fragrant flowers. Very drought-tolerant.
MOBOT

Ferns and "Fern Allies"

Note: All of these ferns are highly deer-resistant.
***Adiantum pedatum - maidenhair: 1 gallon
MOBOT
A delicate-looking but deceptively tough fern, a great companion for the shade flower bed. Will slowly spread.
**Athyrium asplenioides - southern lady fern: 1 gallon
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A finely-cut fern that can grow fairly large with good conditions. Will slowly spread in a clump.
**Azolla cristata - mosquito fern: baggie
MOBOT (note: this is for a different, but similar, species)
A tiny, moss-like aquatic plant that floats on the surface of water. Will only survive mild winters, but can spread quite a bit during a summer. Turns red in sun.
***Cystopteris protrusa - fragile fern: 4-inch or 1 gallon
MOBOT
A small spring ephemeral fern that will grow in almost any shaded soil.
***Deparia acrostichoides - silvery glade fern: 1 gallon
MOBOT
Plant info sheet (pdf)
A medium to large fern that does well in the shade garden. Will slowly spread to fill an area. Also known as Athyrium thelypterioides.
***Dryopteris marginalis - marginal wood fern: 1 gallon
MOBOT
Probably the most beautiful of the wood ferns. Mature plants have a bluish cast to them, and the sori turn a beautiful violet just before ripening.
***Equisetum arvense - field horsetail: 1 gallon
A low-growing, feathery-looking plant that spreads aggressively, but will mix with other wildflowers or ferns. Very attractive, prefers moist soils.
***Equisetum hyemale - scouring rush: 1 gallon
MOBOT
A stiffly-erect, dark green, evergreen plant that resembles a rush. Loves sandy soils. Plant only where it can be contained!
**Equisetum scirpoides - dwarf scouring rush: mum
This horsetail looks like a dwarf version of a scouring rush, with rather twisted stems. It must have a fairly wet soil.
**Equisetum variegatum - variegated scouring rush: mum
This horsetail looks like a smaller version of Equisetum hyemale, above. It likes a wet soil but will do well in a regular garden soil that doesn't dry out excessively.
***Homalosorus pycnocarpos - narrow glade fern: 1 gallon
Plant info sheet (pdf)
MOBOT
A beautiful fern of simple structure, sometimes called Tennessee ostrich fern. Will slowly spread to fill an area. With enough moisture, will tolerate high light levels. Also known as Diplazium pycnocarpon.
**Lycopodiella alopecuroides - foxtail clubmoss: mum
A beautiful and vigorous running clubmoss, not hardy here, but can be container grown. Ready in late spring 2017.
***Lycopodiella inundata - marsh clubmoss: mum
An intriguing running clubmoss that needs a wet spot. It looks like a miniature of the foxtail clubmoss, above. Ready in late spring 2017.
**Matteuccia struthiopteris - ostrich fern: 1 gallon, 3 gallon
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A large fern with edible fiddleheads (must be thoroughly cooked). Has vase-like crowns. Will spread to fill in an area by underground stolons.
***Onoclea sensibilis - sensitive fern: 1 gallon, 3 gallon
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A coarse fern that thrives in full sun with some moisture. Tough and versatile; spreads easily.
***Osmunda spectabilis - royal fern: 1 gallon
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This large fern has fronds that resemble locust leaves. Like the cinnamon fern, it appreciates a lot of moisture, and can grow six feet tall.
***Osmundastrum cinnamomeum - cinnamon fern: 1 gallon
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A large fern that will grow satisfactorily in the shade in garden soil, but will become spectacular in full sun or partial shade with wet feet year-round. Can grow six feet tall under those circumstances.
***Parathelypteris noveboracensis - New York fern: 1 gallon
An excellent fern to use as a groundcover in partial shade.
***Phegopteris hexagonoptera - broad beech fern: 1 gallon
MOBOT
The best ground-cover fern for a shade flower garden. Triangular cut fronds.
***Polystichum acrostichoides - Christmas fern: 1 gallon
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The hardiest and most versatile of native ferns. Evergreen. Will tolerate high light levels in good soil.
***Pteridium aquilinum - bracken: 3 gallon
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The largest of our native ferns. Will form a canopy ground cover 1-3 feet above ground level. Can be very aggressive and needs room.
**Pteridium pseudocaudatum - tailed bracken: 3 gallon
Similar to regular bracken, but with fewer frond divisions, pinnae and pinnules ending in "tails."
***Sceptridium dissectum - grape fern: mum
A curious and rather primitive fern that only sends up one frond a year in late July, and dies back in May.